Perbandingan karakter dari 3 model teori MSDM:


Model Traditional:

  • Assumptions:
    1. Work is inherently distasteful to most people;
    2. What workers do is less important than what earn for doing it;
    3. Few want or can handle work which requires creativity, self-direction, or self-control;
  • Policies:
    1. The manager’s task is to closely supervise and control his sub-ordinates;
    2. He must break task down into simple, repetitive, easily learned operations;
    3. He must establish detailed work routines and procedures and enforce these firmly but fairly;
  • Expectations:
    1. People can tolerate work if the pay is decent and the boss is fair;
    2. If task are simple enough and people are closely controlled, they will produce up to standard.

Model Human Relations:

  • Assumptions:
    1. People want to fell useful and important;
    2. People desire to belong and to be recognized as individuals;
    3. These needs are more important than money in motivating people to work;
  • Policies:
    1. The manager’s basic task is to make each worker feel useful and important;
    2. He should keep his subordinates in formed and listen to their objections to his plans;
    3. The manager should allow his sub-ordinates to exercise some self-direction and self-control on routine matters;
  • Expectations:
    1. Sharing information with subordinates and involving them in routine decisions will satisfy their basic needs to belong and feel important;
    2. Satisfying these needs will improve morale and reduce resistance to formal authority – subordinates will ‘willingly’ cooperate;

Model Human Resources

  • Assumptions:
    1. Work is inherently distasteful. People want to contribute to meaningful goals which they have helped establish;
    2. Most people can exercise far more creative, responsible self-direction and self-control than their present jobs demand;
     
  • Policies:
    1. The manager’s basic task is to make use of his ‘untapped’ human resources;
    2. He must create an environment in which all members may contribute to the limits of their ability;
    3. He must encourage full participation on important matters, continually broadening subordinate self-direction and self-control;
  • Expectations:
    1. Expanding subordinate influence, self-direction and self-control will lead to direct improvements in operating efficiency;
    2. Work satisfaction may improve as a ‘by product’ of subordinates making full use of their resources;
About these ads

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s